The profit earned from a company's normal core business operations as a percentage of average assets. This value does not include any profit earned from the firm's investments.
Total overhead expenses as a percentage of total revenues net of interest expense. This is a common measure for evaluating an institution’s ability to operate efficiently while keeping a handle on overhead expenses like salaries, rent, and other office expenses. A high ratio suggests that the company’s overhead expenses are too high in relation to the amount of revenue they are generating and/or supporting. Conversely, a low ratio means good management of overhead expenses which usually results in a strong Return on Assets as well.